Wednesday, January 28, 2009

Why Trust The Bible? Archeological Evidence

God has left his finger print throughout the centuries of the Earth's history, which is continually uncovered by archeology. Mathew 7:8 says, "Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you." God desires for you to find out the truth he has not keep himself a secret. The reality is we could not know God except he revealed himself to us. Here is some more evidence clarifing the Holy Bible.

Cave 4 at Qumran and One of the Dead Sea Scroll Jars on Display at the Amman Archaeological Museum in Jordan. The initial discovery was by chance in 1947, and not by archaeologists! Bedouin shepherds found seven scrolls or parts of scrolls and fragments, along with store jars and broken pottery jars in a cave overlookingthe northwest end of the Dead Sea. When a dealer acting on behalf of the shepherds sold the scrolls, they came to the attention of scholars in Jerusalem and then the scholarly world.
Subsequent investigations in the area of the cave of discovery ultimately led to the recovery of documents in a total of eleven caves and the excavation of a modest ruin nearby known as Khirbet (the ruin of) Qumran. All of this was occurring as the modern State of Israel was coming into existence, with all the political upheaval involved in that development. [2] As this century ends and a new one begins, efforts for a peaceful political settlement in the region continue and give signs of reaching fruition. In the meantime, scholars continue to study the multitude of fragments recovered and to attempt to assess their significance.
Among the more than eight hundred documents represented by whole scrolls, incomplete scrolls, and a myriad of fragments which have been recovered are complete copies or portions of all the books in the Hebrew Bible (our OT), except for the Book of Esther. These texts are older by at least a thousand years than any previous biblical texts written in Hebrew that we had prior to the discovery. They provide a window into the textual history of the OT prior to the closure of the canon. [3]
Besides copies of scriptural texts, from the caves in the Qumran area came sectarian documents that open a panorama on the obscure Jewish group apparently related to the production and deposition of the manuscripts. [4] This group was likely the Essenes, previously known from references to them in the writings of Flavius Josephus, Philo Judaeus, and Pliny the Elder. All the texts discovered, taken together, open a critical window into events in Palestine in the decades prior to and following the birth of Christ (although no NT texts were found among the scrolls) up to the time of the First Jewish Revolt against the Romans. The historical period of the Dead Sea Scrolls illuminates the environment in which Christianity developed in Palestine, the transformation of Judaism into Rabbinic Judaism in the aftermath of the First Revolt of the Jews against the Romans with the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple, and the context in which the canonization of Holy Scripture was progressing.
The Dead Sea Scrolls now reside mainly in the Shrine of the Book, a part of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem where they are on display. The Copper Scroll can be seen in the Archaeological Museum in Amman, Jordan. Many of the small fragments are housed in the Rockefeller Museum in East Jerusalem. Scholars work almost exclusively with photographs and microfilm of the fragments, however, and these are available to scholars at many of the major universities around the world. It is likely that researchers will still be at work on the scrolls fifty years hence.

Replica of Pilate Inscription on Display at Caesarea.
Pontius Pilate was the fifth governor of Roman Judea, under whose governance Jesus of Nazareth was crucified (Matt 27:2, plus 60 additional occurrences in the gospels, Acts, and 1 Timothy). He was appointed by the emperor Tiberius in AD 26 and suspended by L. Vitellius, Roman governor of Syria, in AD 37, after slaughtering a number of Samaritans at Mt. Gerizim.
Although Pilate is also mentioned in Josephus, Philo and Tacitus and coins issued during his governance exist, inscriptional evidence for Pilate was discovered in Italian excavations at Caesarea Maritima in 1961. Antonio Frova, director of the excavations, found a dedicatory stone that bore a three-line inscription: Tiberieum/[Pon]tius Pilatus/[Praef]ectus Iuda[eae], "Tiberius [the Roman emperor of the period]/Pontius Pilate/Prefect of Judea." The stone, in secondary use in the theatre at Caesarea, had been shaped to fit its new use and in the process some of the inscription had been mutilated, although it was easily reconstructed. The inscription not only confirms the historicity of Pilate, it clarifies the title that he bore as governor. It is now on display in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

Literally hundreds of Hebrew seals and seal impressions have been discovered in the last century and a half either in authorized archaeological excavations or by clandestine diggers; the results of the latter ending up in the hands of antiquities dealers, subsequently to come into the hands of collectors or of scholars. Hardened clay seal impressions are called "bullae" (sg., bulla). Bullae have survived in damp earth in a remarkable way.
In biblical Israel, papyrus was the primary form of writing material. Once an official document was written, it would be rolled up, one end folded in one-third of the breadth and the opposite end similarly folded in. The document, now shortened by folding, was tied with a string and a lump of clay was impressed on the knotted string. Then the upper surface of the clay lump was impressed with the signet ring of the owner of the document or its writer. Such documents were stored in temple or palace archives, with the unbroken seal guaranteeing the validity of the document's contents.
The reason the clay bullae survived is that a conflagration that destroyed the building and the papyrus archive fired the clay sealings, making them practically indestructible. The evidence of the knotted cord to which the clay had been attached remains on the underside of the bullae.
Sometime during the 1970's, a bulla containing the stamp and name of the scribe of Jeremiah appeared on the antiquities market and was acquired by a collector, Dr. R. Hecht. He permitted Israeli archaeologist Nahman Avigad to publish the bulla, which came from an unidentified place, now thought to be the "burnt house" excavated by Yigal Shiloh. The bulla is now in the Israel Museum. It measures 17 by 16 mm, and is stamped with an oval seal, 13 by 11 mm. A single line borders the impression, and it is divided by double horizontal lines into three registers bearing the following inscription:
lbrkyhw Belonging to Berechiahbn nryhw son of Neriahhspr the scribe.
The script used is the pre-exilic ancient Hebrew linear script, rather than the post-exilic script adopted by Jews from the contemporary Aramaic script. Reading the Hebrew from right to left, the first letter, Heb (l), is the preposition "to, belonging to," and the last three letters, heb. (yhw)is a shortened form of the name of God, Heb. (yhwh), the shortened form was likely pronounced "yahu." Baruch's name means "Blessed of the Lord (Yahweh)."
This bulla was without doubt from the impression of Baruch ben Neriah , the scribe who wrote to the dictation of the prophet Jeremiah (Jer 36:4). Dr. Avigad expressed his personal feelings as he worked with the Baruch Bulla as having the feeling "of personal contact with persons who figure prominently in the dramatic events in which the giant figure of Jeremiah and his faithful follower Baruch were involved at a most critical time preceding the downfall of Judah." [11]
Avigad also published a seal bearing the inscription "Belonging to Seraiah (ben) Neriah." Seriah was the "chief chamberlain" in the court of King Zedekiah (Jer 51:59). [12] He accompanied the king to Babylon, and he carried a written oracle from the prophet Jeremiah looking for the ultimate destruction of Babylon, which he was to read aloud on his arrival in the city, then to throw the document into the Euphrates (Jer 59:64). Seriah ben Neriah was the brother of Baruch ben Neriah, and both were close friends of the prophet Jeremiah.

In 1979 Israeli archaeologist Gabriel Barkay, working with a group of students from the Institute of Holy Land Studies (now Jerusalem University College), excavated several tombs in Jerusalem on the "Shoulder of Hinnom," on the southwestern slope of the Hinnom Valley adjacent to the Scottish Presbyterian Church of St. Andrew. In one burial cave a repository for grave goods was found, containing approximately 700 items, including burial gifts of pottery vessels, over 100 pieces of silver jewelry, arrowheads, bone and ivory artifacts, alabaster vessels, 150 beads and a rare, early coin. Among the silver items was a rolled-up amulet bearing the tetragrammaton, the name of God (the consonantal letters yod, he, waw, he), YHWH.
The tomb dates to the end of the Davidic dynasty, approximately the seventh century BC. The silver amulet thus dates to the end of the seventh or early sixth century. The prayer-like inscription containing the divine name provides the oldest extra-biblical evidence for the name of God thus far archaeologically recovered in Jerusalem. The scripture passage on the amulet is from the Aaronic or priestly blessing found in Num 6:24-25. The owner apparently wore the inscribed, rolled-up silver amulet during his/her lifetime, and people felt it appropriate that such objects should accompany the owner in death as in life.
Of secondary interest is the fact that the evidence from the Shoulder of Hinnom tombs indicates a population in the Jerusalem area in the aftermath of the Babylonian destruction of the city. The evidence also indicates a certain level of wealth on the part of those buried in the tombs.
I hope this evidence opens your heart to the truth that God is real and very active in his creation. My next article will talk about some of the scientific evidence that reveal the reality of a powerful God.

Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Why Trust The Bible? Archaeological Evidence Of The Red Sea

And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians. And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them. But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore. (Exodus 14:21-4)

Did this miraculous event take place at the Red Sea?

After years of study Ron Wyatt located ancient Succoth. Realizing from the Hebrew's encampment there that the only southern route to avoid the Philistines was through a series of wadis to the western edge of a coastal mountain range on the west side of the Gulf of Aqaba. Following the Biblical narrative that God told Moses to turn back and encamp by the Sea. Only one place fit the description of the Hebrews entrapment by sea and mountains; Nuweiba beach. In 1978 diving in the waters off Nuweiba, Ron and his sons found coral encrusted chariot parts, skeletal remains and a pillar laying in the water's edge. A matching pillar was later found on the Saudi side with inscriptions indicating it's being erected by Solomon to commemorate the site of the miraculous crossing.

Neweiba Beach

Solomons Pillars

Chariot Wheel encrusted in coral Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea. The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone. (Exodus 15:4,5 KJV)

I find it interesting how accurate the Bible depicts what we find in these archaeological discoveries. Gods word (the Bible) clearly reveals the truth when compared to archaeology, but God always gives the unbeliever a way out. You could sum it up as coincidence or chance. You could though, except the facts as they stand and trust the God of the Bible our creator. There are many discoveries I did not mention in this article from Noah's Ark to the Dead Sea Scrolls, which I would challenge you to study out for yourself. "Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him." (Proverbs 30:5) I hope this evidence encourages you continue your journey to the truth.


Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Why Trust The Bible? Archaeological Evidence Of The Bible

Archaeology is the study of ancient things. Archaeology is essential to understanding the past. When studying the Bible from a geographical and historical perspective one would expect to find much archaeological evidence to validate its words. Unlike the majority of other religious writings, which have no real geographic or archaeological evidence, the Old and New Testament have been verified by archaeology. The geographic locations mentioned in the Bible, many which are still occupied today, can be visited by anyone at anytime. We could visit the Red Sea which God divided, sail the Sea of Galilee, walk the streets of Jerusalem, or travel to Bethlehem where Jesus was born. Understand the Bible plainly reveals reality in its words not mythology. In the next few article I would like to reveal some of the most astounding archaeological discoveries, which validated the Bible.
The Walls of Jericho
Jericho was excavated by four different teams. Charles Warren (1868), Ernest Sellin (1907-1911) John Garstang (1929-1936) and Miss Kathleen Kenyon (1952-1958).
Jericho Heavily Fortified
The Bible reveals that Jericho was a large city heavily fortified with large walls. Deut. 9:1 says, “Hear, O Israel: Thou art to pass over Jordan this day, to go in to possess nations greater and mightier than thyself, cities great and fenced up to heaven.” Kenyon, Sellin, and Garstang’s individual excavations of Jericho revealed this fortification. Garstang quoted, “There were two thirty-foot high walls that run nearly parallel, circling the summit of the mount. According to Sellin at the base of the mount was a 12 ft. natural retaining wall. On top of this natural retaining wall was a mud brick wall 20- 25ft tall 6ft thick. Six acres up the mount to the crest of the mount stood another wall which would have towered 46ft above the ground level outside the retaining wall. This would have been very intimidating to the Israelites as they marched around the city.

The Fallen Walls
Joshua 6:20 says “So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.” This chapter of Joshua gives the account of what happened to the city. The Bible tells us that the Israelites were to march around the city for six days and on the seventh day encompass the city wall seven times. Then the priests should blow their horns and the people should shout and the walls will fall down. Is their Biblical evidence of this ever happening?
According to Kenyon large piles of bricks were found at the bottom of the retaining wall. Kenyon quoted, “fallen red brick piling nearly to the top of the revetment. These probably came from the walls on the summit of the bank… the brickwork above the revetment.” (Kenyon 1981:110) This would have given the Israelites a entry point, where the brick would have formed a ramp like structure to the top of the 12 ft retaining wall. This was also verified by other archaeologists. The Bible is clear in Joshua 6:20 “…so that the people went up into the city…” They had to travel up. Archaeology once again affirms the detailed scripture found in the Bible.
Destruction By Fire
Joshua 6:21, 24 says, “And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city,…And they burnt the city with fire.” The Bible tells us that the city was to be burned. Does the evidence reveal a great torching of the city? Archaeologist found layers of ash and burnt debris 3ft thick all around the city. Kenyon verified this in her findings quoting, “The destruction of the city was complete, walls and floors were blackened or reddened by fire, every room was filled with fallen bricks, timbers and household utensils; in most rooms the fallen debris was heavily burnt, but the collapse of the walls of the eastern rooms seems to have taken place before they were affected by the fire. (Kenyon 1981:370). Both Garstang and Kenyon found remnants of jars full of grain and bin of food, even brick oven with bread ready to be cooked inside. This indicated a sudden destruction of the city, which would normally take months or years of battle to over throw. Grain was a great commodity of the times. This grain would have been used for food and bartering. This would have been looted by the besiegers because of its value, but we find in the Bible that God commanded them to only take the silver, gold, vessels of brass and iron. This reflects exactly the evidence unearth in the Jericho excavation site..
The Biblical evidence found in Jericho is very convincing. God always take us to the edge in our search for the truth, but it is ultimately up to you to trust in him by faith. I hope this article has help in your journey for the truth. My next article will reveal the Archaeological evidence found at the Red Sea.
Sources: Anchors of Faith by Tom Fittis and

Sunday, December 7, 2008

Why Trust The Bible? Evidence For Faith

Modern Science and skeptics of the bible have branded Christian faith as a leap in the dark, a blind chance. But is there any bases for true biblical faith? The fact is that God has given us very real and tangible evidence in his word. This is evidence that we can lay hold on. Romans 10:17 says, “ So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.” God has delivered to us his word as evidence to establish our faith. Evidence that even the most adamant skeptic can not ignore. God has issued a challenge to mankind. Isaiah 1:18 says, “ Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD…” God wants us to give him a chance, examine the fact, and discover the truth for ourselves. God has extended the challenge, the question is will you take it. I hope that evidence will convinced you but if not you should remain unconvinced. In my next article I will examine the archaeological evidence found in the Bible.

Saturday, November 29, 2008

Why Trust The Bible?

All throughout history we have had many people cast doubt on the bible and the great God that inspired it. Many have called God a liar, twisting and contorting his words and actions without really understanding the biblical circumstance. This criticism is often to further their own agenda. In light of this slander and persecution of God those trusting in him must be steadfast. People must understand that the bible has been preached for thousand of years. The book of Genesis dating as early as 1450 B.C., and its stories dating as far back as 6000 B.C. contest to its age. The Bible is not a fairy tale. It is a truth that people have found strength in for thousands of years. Matthew 24:35 say’s “heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.” The 40 penmen of the Bible where truly convinced that God was delivering to his creation a urgent message. 2 Peter 1:21 says, “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” Most all of these holy men eventually died for their faith. We must understand that the Bible is not a new thing, it is though, a compilation of 66 books penned by 40 different men over thousands of years. This Holy book has stood the test of “time”. God word is something we can rely on no matter the circumstance. We must not allow people, no matter who they may be, to lure us away from Gods true purpose and the truth found in his word. 1 Corinthians 3:19 says, “For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God…” Humanity must repent, turn away from the wisdom of this world, and realize that the God of this world will not be mocked. Galatians 6:7 says, “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.” In this life we are posed with all sorts if choices, some choices have greater repercussions than others, but none greater than this. When we say no to God we are saying that we can take care of ourselves, that we don’t need God, but the reality is that we all need God. The Bible says “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.” Just like food sustains our physical life, God and his truth sustains our eternal soul. We can not live without God. Listen, this is God’s creation and he can do what he wants with it. Thankfully he chose to sustain it and save it. It is our responsibility to find out who God is and what he want with our life. Understand that disobedience is sin and God will not tolerate sin. Remember, the choice is yours! The title of this article is Why Should I Trust The God Of The Bible. I hope to write a series of article that reveal the divine truth found in the Bible. In these articles I will expose the Logical, archaeological, historical, scientific, and prophetic evidence revealed to us. True biblical Christianity is not a leap of faith. God has given us very real and tangible reason to trust him. I hope that through these article your Christian faith will be strengthened or maybe you will be thoroughly persuade to trust Jesus Christ as your savior.

Thursday, November 6, 2008

How To Debate The Evolutionist

In today's society many find themselves at a cross roads. In many of our minds we find ourselves wrestling over this debate of intelligent design or evolution. At the outset lets me first explain each of these points. Intelligent design reveals to us that their is a supreme being who created time, space, and matter. This creator made it fully functional from the smallest particles to the vast universe. This is referred to as the creationist world view. Now the evolutionist believes something totally different. The theory of evolution teaches that there is no supreme power, but that all things came together by random chance. The catalyst is natural selection (survival of the fittest) and random mutations within a organism. This is called the humanist world view. This brief overview help us to see the vast difference between the to beliefs. Often times people are very closed minded about these issues. As Christians we must approach these issues with a loving heart. Today modern science has chosen to adopt the humanist world view. (Read Humanist Manifesto) Influenced by modern science our school systems have began indoctrinating our children. It is our responsibility as parents to understand the subject so we can clearly and concisely teach our children the truth. As you begin to study evolution you will see that their are many holes and great assumptions that are made. Here are some tips when debating these topics.

When discussing evolution you must first define the terms. The word evolution is a tricky word which carries at least six different meanings. It is important to understand what they mean when they discuss evolution.

1) Cosmic Evolution- This is the origin of time, space, and matter. The humanist wants you to believe a big bang created everything (Big Bang Theory). Please understand that they truly believe that nothing exploded and created everything. How can nothing explode. This is not science. This is what someone believes not what they know. Search Alan Guth and Scientific American for more on this radical view.

2) Chemical Evolution- This is the origin of higher elements from hydrogen. The Big Bang only explains the origin of hydrogen and maybe a little helium. The question is how did all the other 105 elements on the periodic table evolve. You can't fuse the heavier elements past iron (fe).

3) Stellar and Planetary Evolution- No one has ever seen a planet form and organize itself into an orbit, nor has anyone ever seen a star form. They can observe a star exploding about every 30 years or so, but they never observe one forming. They estimate that their are
70,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars in our galaxy. If the universe is 20 billion years old it would take 6 1/2 million star forming every minute to create what we see today. So we should see 6 1/2 million new stars every minute if the theory of uniformitarianism is true which influenced Charles Darwin(the founder of the evolutionary theory) and many others.

4) Organic Evolution- This is the origin of life. Science teaches that the earth formed about 4.6 billion years ago. Torrential rains began to fall creating a primordial soup. Out of this primordial "soup" life formed about 3.5 billion years ago. The problem is that science has never observed non-living material produce living material. To make this even more unbelievable is this non-living material now living had to find food for energy and a mate to reproduce. Food for thought, if science was ever able to create life it would only prove that it take intelligences to create not chance.

5)Macro-Evolution- This is the process by which one organism changes into a completely different organism. This is believed to have occurred over billions of years through tiny mutations within the organism. Yet mutations are rarely, if ever, beneficial to the organism. A eye without a Cornea does not work properly. A bird with one wing can't fly and will most likely die. I could go on and on. Mutations can not explain evolution. Science has yet to discover a "missing link" or transitional species. This has posed a big problem for the evolutionist. They have produced many frauds and fakes which still find their way into the textbooks. Concerning the so called cavemen you must understand that all that is found is the fossilized bone the rest is purely the work of the artist. If the princess kisses the frog and it turns into a prince instantly its called a fairy tale, but if it happens over billions of years we can some how wrap our minds around it and except it. Listen Macro-Evolution has never been observed. It can only truly be excepted by faith.

6) Micro-Evolution- This is variations within a organism. This is observable science. I think we can all agree that their are many different kinds of dogs out there, but dogs only reproduce dogs never cats. Science would have us believe Macro-Evolution is Micro-Evolution over a long period of time. What we must understand is that all variations have limitations. Farmers can breed bigger or smaller horses, but they always get a horse. Many bug may become resistant to pesticides, but never to the heel of a shoe. For more information on this visit

Notice that the first five meanings of evolution are purely religious. Religion is defined as the belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers [evolution] regarded as creator and governor of the universe. I am not against science. I love science. Although I did not complete my degree I studied science for three years in collage. What I don't like is the false information and lies that continue to bombard our children in the public schools. Science is defined as the systematized knowledge derived from observation and study etc. Evolution is not science. It can not be tested or observed. Science will claim to be self correcting and ever changing. My question is when will it correct the greatest blunder in scientific history the Evolutionary Theory.

Sunday, November 2, 2008


In recent times many questions have been raised about Barack Obama. Though he is in many way a stranger to us all, he seem to gather the support of many people. I would advise voter to be very cautious when voting for someone they are not sure about. Obama's change may not be the best answer for America in these difficult times. Now, could Barach Obama be the anti-christ. Though he may carry many of the traits of this prophetic character he does not meet the requirements for the anti-christ. Daniel 11:17 says speaking of the anti-christ "Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all." We find here in this verse that the anti-christ could very well be a man of Jewish decent. As far as I know Obama is not a Jew. We also see that he has no desire of women. I do not know if this verse is referring to homosexuality or that he is to busy with the affairs of this world to pursue a relationship, but we do know that Obama is not a homosexual (though he does support their alternate lifestyle) and does have a desire for women hence his marriage to Michelle Obama. We also find that even in his confused theology he still regards a god, maybe not the God (what I mean is the only one true God), so, even if he is a Muslim or a very confused christian (which is hard to imagine) he still seems to acknowledge some form of god. As you can see, though Obama does speak marvellous thing making promises that he can not and will not be able to keep, he still misses the marks required for the true anti-christ according to the book of Daniel. I would like to note that for the true christian, those that have believed upon Jesus Christ, they do not have to worry about the anti-christ. According to 2 Thessalonians 2:7,8 the Holy Spirit which is restraining the anti-christ will "be taken out of the way" which will also include the removal of the church in the rapture and "then shall that Wicked be revealed" (speaking of the anti-christ). But, for those that are concerned in these "latter day" I would keep an eye on the reviving Roman Empire or what is know known as the Europe Union it could be this final gentile kingdom prophesied about in Daniel chapter 2 and 7. I pray that we keep our eyes on The Real Hope of the world the Lord and Savior Christ Jesus.